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rac环境数据文件误建到rac节点本地处理


在一次RAC例行巡检时,查询表空间的使用情况,节点1竟然抛出来,dbwr 进程无法lock ‘D:oraclefcdataLIXORA.DBF’ 这个数据文件;感觉不对啊,非常不祥的感觉;

光看名字就可以猜到,数据文件建到rac 节点2本地;

看下文件状态吧:

SQL> select file_name,tablespace_name from dba_data_files;

FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt.271.785089053
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt.270.785089231
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt.269.785089375
+DATA/lixora/datafile/users.276.784277257
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sysaux.274.784277257
+DATA/lixora/datafile/undotbs1.275.784277257
+DATA/lixora/datafile/system.273.784277257
+DATA/lixora/datafile/undotbs2.284.784277321
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt.268.785089665
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt.265.785089753
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt.264.785089843
FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt.400.785089933
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt01
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt02.dbf
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_jkxt.401.785090209
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt03.dbf
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt201401
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt201402
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt201403
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt201404
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt201405
+DATA/lixora/datafile/sys_yyxt201407
FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORA.DBF --------------吓死宝宝了!惊恐
/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORADATA.DBF ------------------吓死宝宝了!惊恐

24 rows selected.

果不其然,文件建到了rac 节点本地,而且数据文件名,要多奇葩,有多奇葩,这哥们真是纵观古今,然后大手一挥,写下‘hello word ’ 然后会心一笑。。。。。

我们的开发人员也是够惨的啊,单机的oracle也搞不清楚,更不用涉及rac了。。。。。。。

再次确认下,dbfile 确实建在了/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/ 目录下

SQL> !ls /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/
ab_+ASM2.dat D:oraclefcdataLIXORAtemp.DBF hc_+ASM2.dat initdw.ora orapw+ASM2
CdbsMutex D:oraclefcdataLIXORATEMP.DBF hc_orcl2.dat init.ora orapworcl2
D:oraclefcdataLIXORADATA.DBF D:\oracle\oradata\orcl\hhygbp_temp_dbf initlixora2.ora initorcl2.ora snapcf_lixora2.f
D:oraclefcdataLIXORA.DBF hc_lixora2.dat init+ASM2.ora orapwlixora2 snapcf_orcl2.f

仔细看下内容好像哪里有点问题吧?

貌似是temp 文件啊

SQL> select name from v$tempfile;
NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+DATA/lixora/tempfile/temp.283.784277305
/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORATEMP.DBF -------发火

----到底是什么时候出现这个问题的呢?

SQL> select CREATION_TIME,NAME from v$datafile where name='/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORA.DBF';

CREATION_TIM
------------
NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
18-MAY-15
/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORA.DBF


SQL> select CREATION_TIME,NAME from v$datafile where name='/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORADATA.DBF';
CREATION_TIM
------------
NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
18-MAY-15
/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORADATA.DBF



接下来一个个来处理下吧

------tempfile 误建到rac 节点本地处理:
temp 文件处理简单,先删除了 ,重新加个就行

SQL> select * from v$tempfile;

FILE# CREATION_CHANGE# CREATION_TIM TS# RFILE# STATUS ENABLED BYTES BLOCKS CREATE_BYTES BLOCK_SIZE
---------- ---------------- ------------ ---------- ---------- ------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ------------ ----------
NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 388351 26-MAY-12 3 1 ONLINE READ WRITE 1.0737E+10 1310720 20971520 8192
+DATA/lixora/tempfile/temp.283.784277305

2 6324358667 18-MAY-15 10 1 ONLINE READ WRITE 83886080 10240 83886080 8192
/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORATEMP.DBF




SQL> alter database tempfile '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORATEMP.DBF' offline;
Database altered.

SQL> alter database tempfile '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORATEMP.DBF' drop;
Database altered.

SQL> select * from v$tempfile;
FILE# CREATION_CHANGE# CREATION_TIM TS# RFILE# STATUS ENABLED BYTES BLOCKS CREATE_BYTES BLOCK_SIZE
---------- ---------------- ------------ ---------- ---------- ------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ------------ ----------
NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 388351 26-MAY-12 3 1 ONLINE READ WRITE 1.0737E+10 1310720 20971520 8192
+DATA/lixora/tempfile/temp.283.784277305


SQL> show parameter db_crea
NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_create_file_dest string +DATA
db_create_online_log_dest_1 string
db_create_online_log_dest_2 string
db_create_online_log_dest_3 string
db_create_online_log_dest_4 string
db_create_online_log_dest_5 string


SQL> select * from v$tablespace;
TS# NAME INC BIG FLA ENC
---------- ------------------------------ --- --- --- ---
0 SYSTEM YES NO YES
1 UNDOTBS1 YES NO YES
2 SYSAUX YES NO YES
4 USERS YES NO YES
3 TEMP NO NO YES
5 UNDOTBS2 YES NO YES
7 SYS_YYXT YES NO YES
6 SYS_JKXT YES NO YES
8 LIXORA YES NO YES
9 LIXORADATA YES NO YES
10 LIXORATEMP NO NO YES
11 rows selected.


SQL> alter tablespace LIXORATEMP add tempfile '+DATA' size 100m autoextend on;
Tablespace altered.


SQL> select * from v$tempfile;
FILE# CREATION_CHANGE# CREATION_TIM TS# RFILE# STATUS ENABLED BYTES BLOCKS CREATE_BYTES BLOCK_SIZE
---------- ---------------- ------------ ---------- ---------- ------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ------------ ----------
NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 388351 26-MAY-12 3 1 ONLINE READ WRITE 1.0737E+10 1310720 20971520 8192
+DATA/lixora/tempfile/temp.283.784277305


2 6629906774 04-AUG-15 3 2 ONLINE READ WRITE 104857600 12800 104857600 8192
+DATA/lixora/tempfile/temp.1592.886865983




+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

----数据文件迁移到 rac asm 存储上:

这里提供2个方法: rman cp;dbms_file_transfer.copy_file 【plsql 包 直接拷贝

SQL> select file_name, tablespace_name ,bytes/1024/1024/1024 from dba_data_files where tablespace_name='LIXORA';
FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TABLESPACE_NAME BYTES/1024/1024/1024
------------------------------ --------------------
/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORA.DBF
LIXORA .0390625


SQL> select file_name, tablespace_name ,bytes/1024/1024/1024 from dba_data_files where tablespace_name='LIXORADATA';
FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TABLESPACE_NAME BYTES/1024/1024/1024
------------------------------ --------------------
/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORADATA.DBF
LIXORADATA .3515625


create directory test1 as '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/';
create directory test2 as '+DATA/lixora/datafile/';

alter tablespace LIXORA offline;
alter tablespace LIXORADATA offline;


exec dbms_file_transfer.copy_file('TEST1','D:oraclefcdataLIXORA.DBF','TEST2','LIXORA.DBF');
exec dbms_file_transfer.copy_file('TEST1','D:oraclefcdataLIXORADATA.DBF','TEST2','LIXORADATA.DBF');


alter database rename file '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORA.DBF' to '+DATA/lixora/datafile/LIXORA.DBF';
alter database rename file '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORADATA.DBF' to '+DATA/lixora/datafile/LIXORADATA.DBF';


alter tablespace LIXORA online;
alter tablespace LIXORADATA online;



++++++++++++++++++++++++++++rman copy ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

RMAN>
sql "alter tablespace LIXORA offline";
sql "alter tablespace LIXORADATA offline";


RMAN>
copy datafile '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORA.DBF' to '+DATA/lixora/datafile/LIXORA.DBF';
copy datafile '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORADATA.DBF' to '+DATA/lixora/datafile/LIXORADATA.DBF';


SQL>
alter database rename file '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORA.DBF' to '+DATA/lixora/datafile/LIXORA.DBF';
alter database rename file '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/D:oraclefcdataLIXORADATA.DBF' to '+DATA/lixora/datafile/LIXORADATA.DBF';


SQL>
alter tablespace LIXORA online;
alter tablespace LIXORADATA online;

总结:

开发人员严重缺乏对oracle 数据库(单机,rac)的了解,当然这个也是管理上的疏忽;

从另一个方面也可以看出,业务用户权限管理太粗狂,过于简单粗暴,需要好好审计,规划下;

具体其他的就不想再多说了。。。。。。。

www.bkjia.comtruehttp://www.bkjia.com/sybase/1055981.htmlTechArticlerac环境数据文件误建到rac节点本地处理 在一次RAC例行巡检时,查询表空间的使用情况,节点1竟然抛出来,dbwr 进程无法lock D:oraclefcdataLIXO...

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