今天看啥
热点:

不停机Xtrabackup创建slave节点


master:10.1.1.17:3306
slave:10.1.1.18:3307
slave节点完成基础环境的配置:创建好mysql用户,装好相同版本的mysql软件,xtrabackup软件包,创建好目录,配置好脚本

1、创建完整备份:master
[mysql@master1 backup]$ innobackupex --defaults-file=/data/mysqldata/3306/my.cnf --user=xtrabk --password='onlybackup' /backup/backup_full/

2、复制和准备备份集
[mysql@master1 backup_full]$ scp -r /backup/backup_full/2015-05-21_01-31-19/* 10.1.1.18:/data/mysqldata/3307
[mysql@master2 3307]$ innobackupex --apply-log /data/mysqldata/3307/data/

InnoDB Backup Utility v1.5.1-xtrabackup; Copyright 2003, 2009 Innobase Oy
and Percona Ireland Ltd 2009-2012.  All Rights Reserved.

This software is published under
the GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991.

IMPORTANT: Please check that the apply-log run completes successfully.
          At the end of a successful apply-log run innobackupex
          prints "completed OK!".

150521 01:51:29  innobackupex: Starting ibbackup with command: xtrabackup_56  --defaults-file="/data/mysqldata/3307/data/backup-my.cnf"  --defaults-group="mysqld" --prepare --target-dir=/data/mysqldata/3307/data --tmpdir=/tmp

xtrabackup_56 version 2.0.7 for MySQL server 5.6.10 Linux (x86_64) (revision id: 552)
xtrabackup: cd to /data/mysqldata/3307/data
xtrabackup: This target seems to be not prepared yet.
xtrabackup: xtrabackup_logfile detected: size=2097152, start_lsn=(1645755)
xtrabackup: Temporary instance for recovery is set as followings.
xtrabackup:  innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:  innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:2048M:autoextend
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_files_in_group = 1
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_file_size = 2097152
xtrabackup: Temporary instance for recovery is set as followings.
xtrabackup:  innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:  innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:2048M:autoextend
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_files_in_group = 1
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_file_size = 2097152
xtrabackup: Starting InnoDB instance for recovery.
xtrabackup: Using 104857600 bytes for buffer pool (set by --use-memory parameter)
InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
InnoDB: CPU supports crc32 instructions
InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 100.0M
InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
InnoDB: Highest supported file format is Barracuda.
InnoDB: The log sequence numbers 1639650 and 1639650 in ibdata files do not match the log sequence number 1645755 in the ib_logfiles!
InnoDB: Database was not shutdown normally!
InnoDB: Starting crash recovery.
InnoDB: Reading tablespace information from the .ibd files...
InnoDB: Restoring possible half-written data pages
InnoDB: from the doublewrite buffer...
InnoDB: Last MySQL binlog file position 0 812, file name mysql-bin.000011
InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.
InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start
2015-05-21 01:51:31 4a924940  InnoDB: Warning: table 'mysql/innodb_index_stats'
InnoDB: in InnoDB data dictionary has unknown flags 50.
2015-05-21 01:51:31 4a924940  InnoDB: Warning: table 'mysql/innodb_table_stats'
InnoDB: in InnoDB data dictionary has unknown flags 50.
InnoDB: 1.2.10 started; log sequence number 1645755

[notice (again)]
  If you use binary log and don't use any hack of group commit,
  the binary log position seems to be:
InnoDB: Last MySQL binlog file position 0 812, file name mysql-bin.000011

xtrabackup: starting shutdown with innodb_fast_shutdown = 1
InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1645779

150521 01:51:33  innobackupex: Restarting xtrabackup with command: xtrabackup_56  --defaults-file="/data/mysqldata/3307/data/backup-my.cnf"  --defaults-group="mysqld" --prepare --target-dir=/data/mysqldata/3307/data --tmpdir=/tmp
for creating ib_logfile*

xtrabackup_56 version 2.0.7 for MySQL server 5.6.10 Linux (x86_64) (revision id: 552)
xtrabackup: cd to /data/mysqldata/3307/data
xtrabackup: This target seems to be already prepared.
xtrabackup: notice: xtrabackup_logfile was already used to '--prepare'.
xtrabackup: Temporary instance for recovery is set as followings.
xtrabackup:  innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:  innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:2048M:autoextend
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_file_size = 268435456
xtrabackup: Temporary instance for recovery is set as followings.
xtrabackup:  innodb_data_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:  innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:2048M:autoextend
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_group_home_dir = ./
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
xtrabackup:  innodb_log_file_size = 268435456
xtrabackup: Starting InnoDB instance for recovery.
xtrabackup: Using 104857600 bytes for buffer pool (set by --use-memory parameter)
InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
InnoDB: CPU supports crc32 instructions
InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 100.0M
InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile101 size to 256 MB
InnoDB: Progress in MB: 100 200
InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile1 size to 256 MB
InnoDB: Progress in MB: 100 200
InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile2 size to 256 MB
InnoDB: Progress in MB: 100 200
InnoDB: Renaming log file ./ib_logfile101 to ./ib_logfile0
InnoDB: New log files created, LSN=1645779
InnoDB: Highest supported file format is Barracuda.
InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.
InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start
2015-05-21 01:52:00 4a5b4940  InnoDB: Warning: table 'mysql/innodb_index_stats'
InnoDB: in InnoDB data dictionary has unknown flags 50.
2015-05-21 01:52:00 4a5b4940  InnoDB: Warning: table 'mysql/innodb_table_stats'
InnoDB: in InnoDB data dictionary has unknown flags 50.
InnoDB: 1.2.10 started; log sequence number 1646092

[notice (again)]
  If you use binary log and don't use any hack of group commit,
  the binary log position seems to be:
InnoDB: Last MySQL binlog file position 0 812, file name mysql-bin.000011

xtrabackup: starting shutdown with innodb_fast_shutdown = 1
InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1646102
150521 01:52:01  innobackupex: completed OK!

[mysql@master2 3307]$ ls data/
backup-my.cnf  ib_logfile2  performance_schema  xtrabackup_binlog_info        xtrabackup_logfile
ib_logfile0    ibdata1      test                xtrabackup_binlog_pos_innodb
ib_logfile1    mysql        xtrabackup_binary  xtrabackup_checkpoints
[mysql@master2 3307]$ ls data/test/
j1.frm  j1.ibd  j2.MYD  j2.MYI  j2.frm  t1.frm  t1.ibd

3、创建复制环境专用账户
master:
(system@localhost) [(none)]> grant replication slave on *.* to 'repl'@'10.1.1.%' identified by 'replsafe';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.09 sec)


(system@localhost) [(none)]> select user,host from mysql.user;
+--------+-----------+
| user  | host      |
+--------+-----------+
| dcw    | %        |
| repl  | 10.1.1.%  |
| test  | 10.1.1.%  |
| system | localhost |
| xtrabk | localhost |
+--------+-----------+

4、配置slave节点初始化参数文件
[mysql@master1 3306]$ scp my.cnf 10.1.1.18:/data/mysqldata/3307
[mysql@master2 ~]$ vim /data/mysqldata/3307/my.cnf
server-id=2
[mysql@master2 ~]$ sed -i 's/3306/3307/g' /data/mysqldata/3307/my.cnf
[mysql@master2 ~]$ mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/data/mysqldata/3307/my.cnf &
slave节点少创建了tmp和binlog两个文件夹
[mysql@master2 3307]$ mkdir tmp
[mysql@master2 3307]$ mkdir binlog
[mysql@master2 3307]$ ls
binlog  data  lost+found  my.cnf  mysql-error.log  tmp
启动数据库
[mysql@master2 3307]$ mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/data/mysqldata/3307/my.cnf &

5、配置slave节点复制环境
查看备份集信息:
[mysql@master2 3307]$ cat data/xtrabackup_binlog_info
mysql-bin.000011        812
[mysql@master2 3307]$ mysql -usystem -p'5ienet.com' -S /data/mysqldata/3307/mysql.sock
(system@localhost) [(none)]> change master to master_host='10.1.1.17',master_port=3306,master_user='repl',master_password='replsafe',master_log_file='mysql-bin.000011',master_log_pos=812;
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 2 warnings (0.09 sec)
(system@localhost) [(none)]> start slave;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.14 sec)

6、检查
(system@localhost) [(none)]> start slave;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.14 sec)


(system@localhost) [(none)]> show slave status\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
              Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
                  Master_Host: 10.1.1.17
                  Master_User: repl
                  Master_Port: 3306
                Connect_Retry: 60
              Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000011
          Read_Master_Log_Pos: 1024
              Relay_Log_File: mysql-relay-bin.000002
                Relay_Log_Pos: 495
        Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000011
            Slave_IO_Running: Yes
            Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
              Replicate_Do_DB:
          Replicate_Ignore_DB:
          Replicate_Do_Table:
      Replicate_Ignore_Table:
      Replicate_Wild_Do_Table:
  Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table:
                  Last_Errno: 0
                  Last_Error:
                Skip_Counter: 0
          Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 1024
              Relay_Log_Space: 668
              Until_Condition: None
              Until_Log_File:
                Until_Log_Pos: 0
          Master_SSL_Allowed: No
          Master_SSL_CA_File:
          Master_SSL_CA_Path:
              Master_SSL_Cert:
            Master_SSL_Cipher:
              Master_SSL_Key:
        Seconds_Behind_Master: 0
Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
                Last_IO_Errno: 0
                Last_IO_Error:
              Last_SQL_Errno: 0
              Last_SQL_Error:
  Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids:
            Master_Server_Id: 1
                  Master_UUID: bd8ce1ca-edb7-11e4-964f-000c291b94c4
            Master_Info_File: /data/mysqldata/3307/data/master.info
                    SQL_Delay: 0
          SQL_Remaining_Delay: NULL
      Slave_SQL_Running_State: Slave has read all relay log; waiting for the slave I/O thread to update it
          Master_Retry_Count: 86400
                  Master_Bind:
      Last_IO_Error_Timestamp:
    Last_SQL_Error_Timestamp:
              Master_SSL_Crl:
          Master_SSL_Crlpath:
          Retrieved_Gtid_Set:
            Executed_Gtid_Set:
                Auto_Position: 0
1 row in set (0.03 sec)

 


master:
(system@localhost) [(none)]> use test;
Database changed
(system@localhost) [test]> show tables;
+----------------+
| Tables_in_test |
+----------------+
| j1            |
| j2            |
| t1            |
+----------------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)


(system@localhost) [test]> select * from t1;
+------+
| name |
+------+
| dcw  |
| jjf  |
+------+
2 rows in set (0.11 sec)


slave:
(system@localhost) [(none)]> use test;
Database changed
(system@localhost) [test]> show tables;
+----------------+
| Tables_in_test |
+----------------+
| j1            |
| j2            |
| t1            |
+----------------+
3 rows in set (0.03 sec)


(system@localhost) [test]> select * from t1;
+------+
| name |
+------+
| dcw  |
| jjf  |
+------+
2 rows in set (0.05 sec)

master插入数据:
(system@localhost) [test]> insert into t1 values('jone');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)

slave中查询:同步过来了
(system@localhost) [test]> select * from t1;
+------+
| name |
+------+
| dcw  |
| jjf  |
| jone |
+------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

MySQL管理之使用XtraBackup进行热备

MySQL开源备份工具Xtrabackup备份部署

MySQL Xtrabackup备份和恢复

用XtraBackup实现MySQL的主从复制快速部署【主不锁表】

安装和使用 Percona 推出的 Xtrabackup 备份 MySQL

XtraBackup 的详细介绍:请点这里
XtraBackup 的下载地址:请点这里

本文永久更新链接地址

www.bkjia.comtruehttp://www.bkjia.com/sjkjc/1004330.htmlTechArticle不停机Xtrabackup创建slave节点 master:10.1.1.17:3306 slave:10.1.1.18:3307 slave节点完成基础环境的配置:创建好mysql用户,装好相同版本的mysql软件,x...

相关文章

相关搜索: Xtrabackup

帮客评论

视觉看点