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无人工干预地自动上传附件,人工干预上传附件


<html>
<head>
    <title>上传文件</title>
    <meta http-equiv = "Content-Type" content = "text/html; charset = utf-8">
</head>
<body>
    <form enctype = "multipart/form-data" action = "parse_file.jsp" method="post">
        <p>Browse for a file to upload:</p>
        <input id = "file" name="file" typr="file"></input>
        <br/><br/>
        <input type="submit" id="filesubmit" value="SUBMIT"></input>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

1、使用webdriver的send_keys方法上传文件

#!usr/bin/env python  
#-*- coding:utf-8 -*-  
""" 
@author:   sleeping_cat
@Contact : zwy24zwy@163.com 
""" 
#无人工干预地自动上传附件
#使用webdriver的send_keys方法上传文件

from selenium import webdriver
import unittest
import time
import traceback
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
from selenium.common.exceptions import TimeoutException,NoSuchElementException

class TestDemo(unittest.TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        self.driver = webdriver.Chrome()

    def test_uploadFileBySendKeys(self):
        url = "e:\\uploadFile.html"
        self.driver.get(url)
        try:
            wait = WebDriverWait(self.driver,10,0.2)#创建一个显示等待对象
            wait.until(EC.element_to_be_clickable((By.ID,'file')))#显示等待判断被测试页面上的上传文件按钮是否处于可被单击状态
        except TimeoutException as e:
            print(traceback.print_exc())
        except NoSuchElementException as e:
            print(traceback.print_exc())
        except Exception as e:
            print(traceback.print_exc())
        else:
            fileBox = self.driver.find_element_by_id('file')
            fileBox.send_keys('c:\\test.txt')#在文件上传框的路径框里输入要上传的文件路径C://test.txt
            time.sleep(3)
            fileSubmitButton = self.driver.find_element_by_id('filesubmit')
            fileSubmitButton.click()

    def tearDown(self):
        self.driver.quit()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    unittest.main()

2、模拟键盘操作,实现上传文件

#!usr/bin/env python  
#-*- coding:utf-8 -*-  
""" 
@author:   sleeping_cat
@Contact : zwy24zwy@163.com 
""" 
#无人工干预地自动上传附件
#模拟键盘操作,实现上传文件

from selenium import webdriver
import unittest
import time
import traceback
import win32clipboard as w
import win32api
import win32con
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
from selenium.common.exceptions import TimeoutException,NoSuchElementException

#用于设置剪贴板内容
def setText(aString):
    w.OpenClipboard()
    w.EmptyClipboard()
    w.SetClipboardData(win32con.CF_UNICODETEXT,aString)
    w.CloseClipboard()

#键盘按键映射字典
VK_CODE = {
    'enter':0x0D,
    'Ctrl':0x11,
    'V':0x56}

#键盘键按下
def keyDown(keyName):
    win32api.keybd_event(VK_CODE[keyName],0,0,0)

#键盘键抬起
def keyUp(keyName):
    win32api.keybd_event(VK_CODE[keyName],0,win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP,0)

class TestDemo(unittest.TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        self.driver = webdriver.Chrome()

    def test_uploadFileByKeyboard(self):
        url = 'e://uploadFile.html'
        self.driver.get(url)
        try:
            wait = WebDriverWait(self.driver,10,0.2)
            wait.until(EC.element_to_be_clickable((By.ID,'file')))
        except TimeoutException as e:
            print(traceback.print_exc())
        except NoSuchElementException as e:
            print(traceback.print_exc())
        except Exception as e:
            print(traceback.print_exc())
        else:
            setText('c:\\test.txt')#将即将要上传的文件名及路径设置到剪贴板中
            self.driver.find_element_by_id('file').click()
            time.sleep(3)
            #模拟键盘按下Ctrl+V
            keyDown('Ctrl')
            keyDown('V')
            #模拟键盘释放Ctrl+V
            keyUp('V')
            keyUp('Ctrl')
            time.sleep(1)
            keyDown('enter')
            keyUp('enter')
            time.sleep(2)
            fileSubmitButton = self.driver.find_element_by_id('filesubmit')
            time.sleep(2)
            fileSubmitButton.click()
    def tearDown(self):
        self.driver.quit()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    unittest.main()

3、使用第三方工具AutoIt上传文件

#!usr/bin/env python  
#-*- coding:utf-8 -*-  
""" 
@author:   sleeping_cat
@Contact : zwy24zwy@163.com 
""" 
#无人工干预地自动上传附件
#使用第三方工具AutoIt上传文件

from selenium import webdriver
import unittest,time,os,traceback
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
from selenium.common.exceptions import TimeoutException,NoSuchElementException

class TestDemo(unittest.TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        self.driver = webdriver.Chrome()

    def test_uploadFileByAutoIt(self):
        url = 'e:\\uploadFile.html'
        self.driver.get(url)
        try:
            wait = WebDriverWait(self.driver,10,0.2)
            wait.until(EC.element_to_be_clickable((By.ID,'file')))
        except TimeoutException as e:
            print(traceback.print_exc())
        except NoSuchElementException as e:
            print(traceback.print_exc())
        except Exception as e:
            print(traceback.print_exc())
        else:
            self.driver.find_element_by_id('file').click()
            os.system('d:\\iDownload\\test.exe')#通过Python提供的os模块的system方法执行生成的test.exe文件
            time.sleep(3)
            fileSubmitButton = self.driver.find_element_by_id('filesubmit')
            fileSubmitButton.click()
            wait.until(EC.title_is('文件上传成功'))
    def tearDown(self):
        self.driver.quit()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    unittest.main()

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