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Ubuntu 14.10下源码编译安装Nginx 1.8.0


1、更新系统Ubuntu Server 14.10

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

2、安装nginx的依赖包  zlib pcre openssl(可以源码安装也可以直接系统安装)

sudo apt-get install libpcre3 libpcre3-dev zlib1g-dev libssl-dev build-essential

3、下载openssl源码包

wget http://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.2a.tar.gz

sudo tar -zxvf openssl-1.0.2a.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/

cd /usr/local/src/openssl-1.0.2a/

sudo ./config

sudo make && sudo make install

4、下载nginx源码包

wget  http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz

sudo tar -zxvf nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/

cd /usr/local/src/nginx-1.8.0

sudo ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-openssl=/usr/include/openssl

sudo make && sudo make install

5、配置nginx 开机服务。

默认这么安装好以后每次检查配置、重启之类的操作略麻烦,所以我们模仿 Ubuntu 14.04 官方源,给系统设置个 nginx 服务,方便我们检查配置、启动重启关闭 Nginx 以及开机自动启动 Nginx

sudo vim /etc/init.d/nginx

插入如下内容:

#!/bin/sh

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          nginx
# Required-Start:    $local_fs $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Required-Stop:    $local_fs $remote_fs $network $syslog
# Default-Start:    2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts the nginx web server
# Description:      starts nginx using start-stop-daemon
### END INIT INFO

PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
DAEMON=/usr/sbin/nginx
NAME=nginx
DESC=nginx

# Include nginx defaults if available
if [ -f /etc/default/nginx ]; then
  . /etc/default/nginx
fi

test -x $DAEMON || exit 0

set -e

. /lib/lsb/init-functions

test_nginx_config() {
  if $DAEMON -t $DAEMON_OPTS >/dev/null 2>&1; then
      return 0
  else
      $DAEMON -t $DAEMON_OPTS
      return $?
  fi
}

case "$1" in
  start)
      echo -n "Starting $DESC: "
      test_nginx_config
      # Check if the ULIMIT is set in /etc/default/nginx
      if [ -n "$ULIMIT" ]; then
        # Set the ulimits
        ulimit $ULIMIT
      fi
      start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile /var/run/$NAME.pid \
          --exec $DAEMON -- $DAEMON_OPTS || true
      echo "$NAME."
      ;;

  stop)
      echo -n "Stopping $DESC: "
      start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --pidfile /var/run/$NAME.pid \
          --exec $DAEMON || true
      echo "$NAME."
      ;;

  restart|force-reload)
      echo -n "Restarting $DESC: "
      start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --pidfile \
          /var/run/$NAME.pid --exec $DAEMON || true
      sleep 1
      test_nginx_config
      # Check if the ULIMIT is set in /etc/default/nginx
      if [ -n "$ULIMIT" ]; then
        # Set the ulimits
        ulimit $ULIMIT
      fi
      start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile \
          /var/run/$NAME.pid --exec $DAEMON -- $DAEMON_OPTS || true
      echo "$NAME."
      ;;

  reload)
      echo -n "Reloading $DESC configuration: "
      test_nginx_config
      start-stop-daemon --stop --signal HUP --quiet --pidfile /var/run/$NAME.pid \
          --exec $DAEMON || true
      echo "$NAME."
      ;;

  configtest|testconfig)
      echo -n "Testing $DESC configuration: "
      if test_nginx_config; then
        echo "$NAME."
      else
        exit $?
      fi
      ;;

  status)
      status_of_proc -p /var/run/$NAME.pid "$DAEMON" nginx && exit 0 || exit $?
      ;;
  *)
      echo "Usage: $NAME {start|stop|restart|reload|force-reload|status|configtest}" >&2
      exit 1
      ;;
esac

exit 0

注意要设置好nginx的启动路径  DAEMON=/usr/sbin/nginx

6、设置文件权限并增加到系统服务

sudo chmod +x ./nginx

sudo update-rc.d nginx defaults

7、启动nginx

sudo /etc/init.d/nginx

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www.bkjia.comtruehttp://www.bkjia.com/Linux/1002916.htmlTechArticleUbuntu 14.10下源码编译安装Nginx 1.8.0 1、更新系统Ubuntu Server 14.10 sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade 2、安装nginx的依赖包 zlib pcre openssl(可以源码...

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