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Android 自定义控件 GuideView 引导界面


 由于个人技术还比较薄弱,就在这个自定义控件的基础上做了个拓展,支持水平和垂直的

下面是主要代码;

 

GuideView:

 

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.TypedArray;
import android.graphics.Point;
import android.graphics.PointF;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.DisplayMetrics;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.VelocityTracker;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.view.WindowManager;
import android.widget.Scroller;
import android.widget.Toast;

@SuppressLint(ClickableViewAccessibility)
public class GuideView extends ViewGroup {

	/**
	 * 
	    
	 **/

	/** 滑动方向 */
	private int mOrientation = 0;

	/** 水平方向 */
	private int mHorientation = 0;

	/** 垂直方向 */
	private int mVertical = 1;

	/** 屏幕宽度 */
	private int mScreenWidth;

	/** 屏幕高度 */
	private int mScreenHeight;

	/** 滑动状态 */
	private boolean isScrolling;

	/** 滑动辅助类 */
	private Scroller mScroller;

	/** 记录当前的x/y的值 */
	private PointF mPointF;

	/** 记录上一次的x、y值 */
	private PointF mLastPointF;

	/** Scroller 对应的开始坐标 */
	private Point mScrollStartPoint;

	/** Scroller 对应的结束坐标 */
	private Point mScrollStopPoint;

	/** 记录滑动的距离 */
	private PointF mDistancePointF;

	/**ScrollXY 的差值*/
	private Point mDistanceScrollPoint;

	/** 加速度检测 */
	private VelocityTracker mVelocityTracker;

	/**切换屏幕时的回调函数*/
	private OnPageChangeListener mOnPageChangeListener;

	/**
	 * 记录当前页
	 */
	private int currentPage = 0;

	public GuideView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
		super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
		// 获取自定义属性
		TypedArray mTypeArray = context.obtainStyledAttributes(
				attrs, R.styleable.GuideView_orientation);

		mOrientation = mTypeArray.getInteger(
				R.styleable.GuideView_orientation_orientation, mOrientation);

		mTypeArray.recycle();
		// 获取屏幕宽高
		initialScreen(context);

		mScroller = new Scroller(context);

		mPointF = new PointF();
		mLastPointF = new PointF();
		mScrollStartPoint = new Point();
		mScrollStopPoint = new Point();
		mDistancePointF = new PointF();
		mDistanceScrollPoint=new Point();
	}

	public GuideView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
		this(context, attrs, 1);
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
	}

	public GuideView(Context context) {
		this(context, null);
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
	}

	@Override
	protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
		// 获取子布局,重新测量子布局宽高
		int count = getChildCount();
		for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
			measureChild(getChildAt(i), widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
		}
	}

	@Override
	protected void onLayout(boolean changed, int l, int t, int r, int b) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub

		if (changed) {
			// 重新测量layout的位置
			MarginLayoutParams params = (MarginLayoutParams) getLayoutParams();
			int childCount = getChildCount();
			if (mOrientation == mHorientation) {
				params.width = mScreenWidth * getChildCount();
				setLayoutParams(params);

				for (int i = 0; i < childCount; i++) {
					View view = getChildAt(i);
					if (view.getVisibility() != View.GONE) {
						view.layout(i * mScreenWidth, t, i * mScreenWidth
								+ mScreenWidth, b);
					}
				}
			} else if (mOrientation == mVertical) {

				params.height = mScreenHeight * getChildCount();
				setLayoutParams(params);

				for (int i = 0; i < childCount; i++) {
					View view = getChildAt(i);
					// view 没有隐藏掉,就重新定位
					if (view.getVisibility() != View.GONE) {
						view.layout(l, i * mScreenHeight, r, i * mScreenHeight
								+ mScreenHeight);
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		// 先进行事件判断拦截
		if(currentPage==getChildCount()-1){
			Toast.makeText(getContext(), finish, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			return super.onTouchEvent(event);
		}
		
		if (isScrolling) 
			return super.onTouchEvent(event);
		
			mPointF.x = event.getX();
			mPointF.y = event.getY();

			// 初始化加速度检测器
			initialVelocity(event);

			if (event.getAction() == MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN) {
				// 当用户触摸时记录下坐标信息
				Log.i(info, *******mPoint value****+x:+mPointF.x+y:+mPointF.y);
				getStartScrollXY();
				mLastPointF.x = mPointF.x;
				mLastPointF.y = mPointF.y;
			} else if (event.getAction() == MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE) {
				Log.i(info, *******mLastPoint value****+x:+mLastPointF.x+y:+mLastPointF.y);
				Log.i(info, *******mPoint value****+x:+mPointF.x+y:+mPointF.y);
				Log.i(info, *******************************************);
				Log.i(info, *******************************************);
				/**
				 * Stops the animation. Contrary to
				 * {@link #forceFinished(boolean)}, aborting the animating cause
				 * the scroller to move to the final x and y position 源码说明:
				 * mScroller.abortAnimation() 如果滑动还没有结束,那么就终止滑动。
				 * 
				 * @see #forceFinished(boolean)
				 */
				if (!mScroller.isFinished()) {
					mScroller.abortAnimation();
				}

				mDistancePointF.x = mLastPointF.x - mPointF.x;
				mDistancePointF.y = mLastPointF.y - mPointF.y;

				Log.i(info, *******mDistancePointF value ******+dx: +mDistancePointF.x+ dy: +mDistancePointF.y);
				getStopScrollXY();

				// 先判断滑动的方向确定滑动的距离 scrollBy(x,y)

				// 1.y轴---向上滑动--下一个视图
				// 2.y轴---向下滑动--上一个视图
				// 3.x轴---向左滑动--下一个视图
				// 4.x轴---向右滑动--上一个视图

				/**
				 * 320*480 -8 mlasty=-10 currenty=-2
				 * distance=mlasty-currenty=-8《0 scrolly+distance<0?
				 * 
				 * 条件都满足时,确定视图向上滑动,加载 下一个视图
				 * 
				 * 重新定义distanceY的值以便于ScrollBy(x,y)调用
				 * 
				 * 补充说明:
				 * getScrollX()说明:=手机屏幕显示区域左上角x坐标减去MultiViewGroup视图左上角x坐标=320
				 * 
				 * getScrollY()说明:=手机屏幕显示区域左上角y坐标减去MultiViewGroup视图左上角y坐标=0(
				 * 因为子视图的高度和手机屏幕高度一样)
				 * 
				 * 
				 **/

				if (mOrientation == mHorientation) {
					if (mDistancePointF.x > 0
							&& mScrollStopPoint.x + mDistancePointF.x > getWidth()-mScreenWidth) {
						mDistancePointF.x = getWidth() - mScreenWidth -mScrollStopPoint.x;
					} else if (mDistancePointF.x < 0
							&& mScrollStopPoint.x + mDistancePointF.x < 0) {
						mDistancePointF.x = - mScrollStopPoint.x;
					}
					scrollBy((int) mDistancePointF.x, 0);
				} else if (mOrientation == mVertical) {
					if (mDistancePointF.y < 0
							&& mScrollStopPoint.y + mDistancePointF.y < 0) {
						mDistancePointF.y = -mScrollStopPoint.y;
					}
					if (mDistancePointF.y > 0
							&& mScrollStopPoint.y + mDistancePointF.y > getHeight()
							- mScreenHeight) {
						mDistancePointF.y = getHeight() - mScreenHeight
								- mScrollStopPoint.y;
					}
					scrollBy(0, (int) mDistancePointF.y);
				}
				mLastPointF.x = mPointF.x;
				mLastPointF.y = mPointF.y;
			} else if (event.getAction() == MotionEvent.ACTION_UP) {
				getStopScrollXY();
				getDistanceScrollXY();
				//比较滑动方向趋势
				//判断是上滑动还是下滑动
				if(checkDirection()){
					//上滑动《加载更多》
					if(isScrollToNext()){
						//能滑动到下一页
						if(mOrientation==mHorientation){
							mScroller.startScroll(getScrollX(), 0,mScreenWidth - mDistanceScrollPoint.x,0);
						}else if (mOrientation==mVertical){
							mScroller.startScroll(0, getScrollY(), 0, mScreenHeight
									- mDistanceScrollPoint.y);
						}
					}else{
						//不能滑动到下一页
						if(mOrientation==mHorientation){
							mScroller.startScroll(getScrollX(), 0,-mDistanceScrollPoint.x,0);
						}else if (mOrientation==mVertical){
							mScroller.startScroll(0, getScrollY(), 0, -mDistanceScrollPoint.y);
						}
					}
				}else{
					//《下滑动,刷新》
					if(isScrollToprivew()){
						//能滑动到上一页
						if(mOrientation==mHorientation){
							mScroller.startScroll( getScrollX(), 0,
									-mScreenWidth - mDistanceScrollPoint.x,0);
						}else if (mOrientation==mVertical){
							mScroller.startScroll(0, getScrollY(), 0,
									-mScreenHeight - mDistanceScrollPoint.y);
						}
					}else{
						//不能滑动到上一页
						if(mOrientation==mHorientation){
							mScroller.startScroll(getScrollX(),0, -mDistanceScrollPoint.x, 0);
						}else if (mOrientation==mVertical){
							mScroller.startScroll(0, getScrollY(), 0, -mDistanceScrollPoint.y);
						}
					}
				}

				isScrolling = true;
				postInvalidate();
				recycleVelocity();
			}

			return true;
	}

	/**
	 * Called by a parent to request that a child update its values for mScrollX
	 * and mScrollY if necessary. This will typically be done if the child is
	 * animating a scroll using a {@link android.widget.Scroller Scroller}
	 * object.
	 * 
	 * 为了易于控制滑屏控制,Android框架提供了 computeScroll()方法去控制这个流程。在绘制View时,会在draw()过程调用该
	 * 方法。因此, 再配合使用Scroller实例,我们就可以获得当前应该的偏移坐标,手动使View/ViewGroup偏移至该处。
	 * computeScroll()方法原型如下,该方法位于ViewGroup.java类中   
	 */
	@Override
	public void computeScroll() {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		super.computeScroll();

		if (mOrientation== mVertical) {
			if (mScroller.computeScrollOffset()) {
				scrollTo(0, mScroller.getCurrY());
				postInvalidate();
			} else {
				int position = getScrollY() / mScreenHeight;
				if (position != currentPage) {
					if (mOnPageChangeListener != null) {
						currentPage = position;
						mOnPageChangeListener.onPageChange(currentPage);
					}
				}
			}
		} else if (mOrientation== mHorientation) {
			if (mScroller.computeScrollOffset()) {
				scrollTo(mScroller.getCurrX(), 0);
				postInvalidate();
			} else {
				int position = getScrollX() / mScreenWidth;
				if (position != currentPage) {
					if (mOnPageChangeListener != null) {
						currentPage = position;
						mOnPageChangeListener.onPageChange(currentPage);
					}
				}
			}
		}
		isScrolling = false;
	}
	/************************************ Method *********************************************/

	/**
	 * 获取屏幕宽高
	 */
	public void initialScreen(Context context) {
		WindowManager mWindowManager = (WindowManager) context
				.getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
		DisplayMetrics outMetrics = new DisplayMetrics();
		mWindowManager.getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(outMetrics);
		mScreenWidth = outMetrics.widthPixels;
		mScreenHeight = outMetrics.heightPixels;
	}

	/**
	 * 初始化加速度检测器
	 * 
	 * @param event
	 */
	private void initialVelocity(MotionEvent event) {
		if (mVelocityTracker == null) {
			mVelocityTracker = VelocityTracker.obtain();
		}
		mVelocityTracker.addMovement(event);
	}
	/**
	 * 初始化scrollX scrollY
	 */
	private void getStartScrollXY(){
		mScrollStartPoint.x = getScrollX();
		mScrollStartPoint.y = getScrollY();
	}
	/**
	 * 停止滑动后的ScrollX ScrollY
	 */
	private void getStopScrollXY(){
		mScrollStopPoint.x = getScrollX();
		mScrollStopPoint.y = getScrollY();
	}
	/**
	 * 比较滑动的ScrollX ScrollY差值
	 */
	private void getDistanceScrollXY(){
		mDistanceScrollPoint.x = mScrollStopPoint.x-mScrollStartPoint.x;
		mDistanceScrollPoint.y = mScrollStopPoint.y-mScrollStartPoint.y;
	}
	/**
	 * 检查滑动方向
	 * @return  true 加载更多  false 刷新
	 */
	public boolean checkDirection(){
		boolean mDirection =false;
		if (mOrientation == mVertical) {
			mDirection = mDistanceScrollPoint.y > 0 ? true : false;
		} else if (mOrientation== mHorientation) {
			mDirection = - mDistanceScrollPoint.x < 0 ? true : false;
		}
		return mDirection;
	}
	/**
	 * 根据滑动距离判断 是否能够滑动到下一屏
	 *  加载跟多
	 * @return
	 */
	private boolean isScrollToNext() {
		boolean isScrollTo = false;
		if (mOrientation == mVertical) {
			isScrollTo = mDistanceScrollPoint.y > mScreenHeight / 2
					|| Math.abs(getVelocity()) > 600;
		} else if (mOrientation == mHorientation) {
			isScrollTo = mDistanceScrollPoint.x > mScreenWidth / 2
					|| Math.abs(getVelocitx()) > 600;
		}
		return isScrollTo;
	}

	/**
	 * 根据滑动距离判断 是否能够滑动到上一屏
	 * 刷新
	 * @return
	 */
	private boolean isScrollToprivew() {
		boolean isScrollTo = false;
		if (mOrientation == mVertical) {
			isScrollTo = -mDistanceScrollPoint.y > mScreenHeight / 2
					|| Math.abs(getVelocity()) > 600;
		} else if (mOrientation == mHorientation) {
			isScrollTo = -mDistanceScrollPoint.x > mScreenWidth / 2
					|| Math.abs(getVelocitx()) > 600;
		}
		return isScrollTo;
	}
	/**
	 * 获取x方向的加速度
	 * 
	 * @return
	 */
	private int getVelocitx() {
		mVelocityTracker.computeCurrentVelocity(1000);
		int velocitx = (int) mVelocityTracker.getXVelocity(1000);
		velocitx = (int) mVelocityTracker.getXVelocity(1000);
		return velocitx;
	}
	/**
	 * 获取y方向的加速度
	 * 
	 * @return
	 */
	private int getVelocity() {
		mVelocityTracker.computeCurrentVelocity(1000);
		int velocity = (int) mVelocityTracker.getYVelocity(1000);
		velocity = (int) mVelocityTracker.getYVelocity(1000);
		return velocity;
	}
	/**
	 * 释放资源
	 */
	private void recycleVelocity() {
		if (mVelocityTracker != null) {
			mVelocityTracker.recycle();
			mVelocityTracker = null;
		}
	}
	/**
	 * 设置回调接口
	 * 
	 * @param onPageChangeListener
	 */
	public void setOnPageChangeListener(
			OnPageChangeListener onPageChangeListener) {
		mOnPageChangeListener = onPageChangeListener;
	}

	/**
	 * 回调接口
	 * 
	 * @author zhy
	 * 
	 */
	public interface OnPageChangeListener {
		void onPageChange(int currentPage);
	}
}

 

 

www.bkjia.comtruehttp://www.bkjia.com/Androidjc/994450.htmlTechArticleAndroid 自定义控件 GuideView 引导界面 由于个人技术还比较薄弱,就在这个自定义控件的基础上做了个拓展,支持水平和垂直的 下面是主要代...

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